Seven main words in english

There are thousands of words in a language. But not all of them have the same job; some words express action, other words express a thing. When we want to build a sentence, we use the different types of word, each with a specific role. Think of them like the parts of a house. When we want to build a house, we use concrete to make the foundations or base. We use bricks to make the walls. We use window frames to make the windows. Each part of the house has its own job. We can categorize English words into 7 basic types: verb, noun, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition and conjunction

It’s quite important to recognize parts of speech. It helps us analyse sentences and understand them, but also to construct good sentences. This is a summary of the 7 parts of speech:

function

example

example in context

Verb

action or state

(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing

Cat is an animal.

Do you have a bike?

He doesn´t like coke.

Noun

thing or person

pen, cat,  Madrid, Ana

This is your cat.

He lives in Madrid.

I have two pens.

Adjective

describes a noun

good, big, red, interesting

My cat is small.

I like red cars.

It is an interesting book.

Adverb

describes a verb, adjective or adverb

quickly, silently, well, badly, very

My cat eats quickly.

She reads silently.

Pronoun

replaces a noun

I, you, he, she…

She is beautiful.

You are a good student.

We are happy.

Preposition

links a noun to another word

to, at, after, on, but

We went to school on Monday.

I read at home.

Conjunction

joins clauses , sentences or words

and, but, when

I like books and films. I like books but I don’t like films.

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